Raqmu: Ruins of Petra
One of the most spectacular ruins in the world
By Pedro Álvarez Pérez
March 22nd, 2021
The ruins of Petra are located in Jordan. The ruins of this country were found in August 1812 by the European archeologist and spy Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. These ruins were built by the Edomites around the 8th century BC, later on, in the 2nd century BC the Nabateans were there. It’s an important archaeological enclave in Jordan, and in ancient times it was also the capital of the ancient Nabatean Kingdom, also known as Raqmu.
The old city is sculpted in stone. It was one of the most important capitals for the commerce of caravans in that age.
This city was conquered by the Roman empire in 106 AC, era of the Emperor Trajano. It was the capital of Arabia Petraea, which was a roman province bordering southern Syria.
In the Byzantine era, it suffered several earthquakes that devastated the city and with the changes of commercial routes, finally was forgotten.
Petra looks like a pure hallucination, a mirage in the Jordan desert. It´s enclosed among steep mountains, and accessible through a winding passage. It has a lot of different colors, from pale pink to blood-red. Nowadays these ruins are one of the seven wonders of the modern world.